If only 1-2% of horses living in the wild suffer from respiratory diseases, this percentage rises to 60% for stable horses. The cause-effect relationship between the presence of pathogens or toxic agents in the indoor environment of the stables and the occurrence of pathologies in animals is therefore immediate. This occurs especially in winter, when the temperature drops, and the horse spends the whole or almost all of the day inside.
During winter time dust and ammonia – a gas that irritates the mucous membranes and is toxic at high concentration – are among the main culprits for the deteriorations of the health conditions of these proud animals.
However, if it is possible to control the level of dust by carefully selecting the fodder and storing it in places far from the barn, the solution for reducing gaseous ammonia in the stable is less immediate.
Ammonia is produced continuously from animals’ excrements and remains in the air until the impregnated bedding is removed. Cleaning is time-consuming and costly, which is why it must be optimised as much as possible.